Health & Medical Question

QUESTION: While completing each unit, in your notes highlight what you think are the most significant new laws, new organizations or other specific events since 1960 that has led to the current U.S. health care system.

Near the end of the semester review your notes and select the top six items you feel have had the most impact.  The six are to be divided into 3 categories – identify two that have impacted the cost of health care, two that have impacted access to health care and two that have impacted the quality of health care.

Six (6) different laws, organizations or events. DO NOT simply describe what these choices are, but justify why YOU think these have had the most impact on the health care system since 1960. Be concise. 

Expert Solution Preview


As medical students, it is essential to understand the evolution of the healthcare system in the United States. It is crucial to realize the impact of various laws, organizations, and events that have impacted the healthcare system for the past six decades. The following are the six significant changes that have led to the present US healthcare system and their impacts on the healthcare system.


Two laws that have impacted the cost of healthcare are the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act, and the Affordable Care Act. The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act provided seniors with significant prescription drug coverage, which led to the increase in healthcare costs. On the other hand, the Affordable Care Act aimed to reduce costs by including preventive care and reducing hospital readmissions, which in turn reduces healthcare costs.

Two laws that have impacted access to healthcare are the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act ensured that everyone has access to emergency care regardless of their ability to pay. HIPAA ensured that most Americans have access to healthcare insurance, thus allowing them to access various healthcare services.

Lastly, two laws that have impacted the quality of healthcare are the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act. The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act aims to reduce medical errors, improve patient outcomes, and ensure the confidentiality and protection of patient information. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act improved the quality of care for patients dealing with mental health disorders and addiction.

In conclusion, the aforementioned laws, organizations, and events have shaped the US healthcare system significantly. As medical students, it is crucial to understand the impact of these changes to provide better healthcare services.

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