Warning: session_start(): open(/var/lib/lsphp/session/lsphp74/sess_kcm9vtn5cl0tr1rrt91t2lhfka, O_RDWR) failed: No space left on device (28) in /home/academichomeworktutors.com/public_html/wp-content/plugins/social-auto-poster/social-auto-poster.php on line 486

Warning: session_start(): Failed to read session data: files (path: /var/lib/lsphp/session/lsphp74) in /home/academichomeworktutors.com/public_html/wp-content/plugins/social-auto-poster/social-auto-poster.php on line 486
COH 606 Health adn Medical Question Nursing Assignment Help

COH 606 Health adn Medical Question

Question 4 (5 points)

Populate a new 2×2 table with the information as follows. A new test to evaluate Campylobacteriosis was developed by Gilead Pharmaceuticals. A total of 100 people were tested for the disease. Of the 100 people total test 25 people were positive. When the 25 specimens were cultured it was found that 15 of the 25 were truly positive. The negative tests were cultured and evaluated as well. 25 of the tests that came up negative were positive. Calculate the sensitivity and specificity.You have just finished administering a food/drink questionnaire to ill and non-ill participants in a Minnesota summer picnic party. The ill individuals developed moderate to severe diarrhea 16 to 46 hours after the picnic. Six persons experienced vomiting. The following data were collected:

Question 5 (5 points)

You are interested in controlling cigarette smoking among women aged 15-24. Describe one primary prevention approach and one secondary prevention approach you would use. Convey your understanding of the difference between primary and secondary approaches in the context of your answer.

Question 1

Calculate the Odds ratio for illness for consuming Hot Dogs.

Question 2 (5 points)

You have just finished administering a food/drink questionnaire to ill and non-ill participants in a Minnesota summer picnic party. The ill individuals developed moderate to severe diarrhea 16 to 46 hours after the picnic. Six persons experienced vomiting. The following data were collected:

Calculate the Odds ratio for illness for consuming Hamburgers. Interpret the results.

Question 3 (5 points)

Different measures of disease are useful to evaluate and assess public health programs and needs in different situations. For each of the following questions, (a) state which measure would best support your goal and (b) explain why you chose that measure. To demonstrate the amount of children’s exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:

In this assignment, we will be addressing various questions related to medical topics. These questions involve concepts such as data analysis, prevention approaches, and measures of disease. Each question will be answered separately, providing detailed explanations and calculations where applicable.

Answer to Question 1:

To calculate the Odds ratio for illness associated with consuming Hot Dogs, we need the following information:
– Number of ill participants who consumed Hot Dogs (exposed group): n1
– Number of ill participants who did not consume Hot Dogs (non-exposed group): n2
– Number of non-ill participants who consumed Hot Dogs: n3
– Number of non-ill participants who did not consume Hot Dogs: n4

The formula to calculate the Odds ratio is:
Odds ratio = (n1/n2) / (n3/n4)

Answer to Question 2:

To calculate the Odds ratio for illness associated with consuming Hamburgers, we need the following information:
– Number of ill participants who consumed Hamburgers (exposed group): n1
– Number of ill participants who did not consume Hamburgers (non-exposed group): n2
– Number of non-ill participants who consumed Hamburgers: n3
– Number of non-ill participants who did not consume Hamburgers: n4

The formula to calculate the Odds ratio is:
Odds ratio = (n1/n2) / (n3/n4)

Interpretation of the results would involve comparing the Odds ratio to 1. If the Odds ratio is greater than 1, it indicates a positive association between consuming Hamburgers and illness. Conversely, an Odds ratio less than 1 suggests a negative association. The magnitude of the Odds ratio can also provide insights into the strength of the association.

Answer to Question 3:

Different measures of disease can be utilized depending on the goal of evaluating children’s exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke. Two commonly used measures are prevalence and incidence.

(a) In this scenario, the measure that would best support the goal of demonstrating the amount of children’s exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke is prevalence. Prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have a specific condition (exposure) at a particular point in time. It provides an estimate of the burden of the condition in the population.

(b) Prevalence is the preferred measure in this case because it focuses on the overall presence of exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke among children. By determining the prevalence, we can understand the extent and magnitude of the problem. This information is crucial for public health programs to develop appropriate interventions and target resources effectively.

Answer to Question 4:

To calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the new test to evaluate Campylobacteriosis developed by Gilead Pharmaceuticals, we need the following information:

– True positive (TP): Number of individuals who were positive on the test and actually had the disease (15).
– False negative (FN): Number of individuals who were negative on the test but actually had the disease (10).
– False positive (FP): Number of individuals who were positive on the test but did not have the disease (25).
– True negative (TN): Number of individuals who were negative on the test and did not have the disease (50).

Sensitivity = TP / (TP + FN) = 15 / (15 + 10)
Specificity = TN / (TN + FP) = 50 / (50 + 25)

Calculating the values will provide the sensitivity and specificity of the new test for Campylobacteriosis.

Answer to Question 5:

For controlling cigarette smoking among women aged 15-24, we can employ both primary and secondary prevention approaches.

Primary prevention approach: Implementing comprehensive tobacco control policies and regulations at the national level would be a primary prevention approach. This involves measures such as increasing the legal age for purchasing cigarettes, banning tobacco advertising, implementing smoke-free environments, and providing education and awareness programs about the harmful effects of smoking. The goal is to prevent women from initiating smoking in the first place.

Secondary prevention approach: Providing targeted smoking cessation programs and interventions specifically for women aged 15-24 would be a secondary prevention approach. This approach focuses on early identification of smokers and providing effective resources for quitting smoking. It includes strategies such as counseling, pharmacological interventions, support groups, and tailored interventions based on individual needs. The goal is to reduce smoking prevalence and help those already smoking to quit.

The main difference between primary and secondary prevention approaches lies in their timing and target population. Primary prevention aims to prevent the occurrence of a condition (smoking initiation) in the entire population or specific population groups, while secondary prevention focuses on early detection and intervention to reduce the impact of the condition (smoking) among those already affected.

Share This Post

Email
WhatsApp
Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Pinterest
Reddit

Order a Similar Paper and get 15% Discount on your First Order

Related Questions

EHHA 501 Patient Journey Flow Chart

Develop an existing patient journey that crosses the three sectors of care in your organization (the organization is military hospital) Hwo could this be improved ? As a chart flow  You are a medical professor in charge of creating college assignments and answers for medical college students. You design and

MDC Gabapentin in the Context of Bipolar Disorder

A new patient presents to your office for treatment of bipolar disorder. In his medical history, he reports that he takes gabapentin prescribed by his primary care provider, but he is not sure what he takes it for. He states he is almost out of his gabapentin and is asking

KEMUL Health & Medical Using Technology to Prevent Patient

Using Technology To Prevent Patient Falls Review the concepts of technology application as presented in the Resources. Reflect on how emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence may help fortify nursing informatics as a specialty by leading to increased impact on patient outcomes or patient care efficiencies. In a project proposal

KEMUL Organizational Conflict and Effectiveness

1. Conflict  2.Relationship Between Organizational Conflict and Effectiveness  3.Common Sources of Organizational Conflict 4.Managerial Response to Conflict 5.Categories of Conflict 6.Stages of Conflict 7.Conflict Resolution Outcomes 8.Common Conflict Resolution Strategies. 9.Compromising 10.Competing 11.Cooperating/Accommodating 12.Common Causes of Organizational Conflict 13.Helpful Tips in Conflict Resolution. 14.Negotiation 15.Types of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

HSA 405 SU?Healthcare Quality Case Study

Overview In order to complete this case study, refer to this week’s readings for policy information required to analyze and make recommendations on this case. As a healthcare quality fraud analyst, you are responsible for identification of root causes and providing recommendations in an action plan to ensure compliance with

Needs to be 3 paragraphs You are the sole psychologist on

Needs to be 3 paragraphs  You are the sole psychologist on what is considered a small-sized base, with a population of approximately 6,000 people, including civilians, dependents, reservists, and active duty personnel. You have an appointment scheduled today with a patient whom you know works within the MTF (Military Treatment

Homework Content ScenarioThe administrator’s presentation,

Homework Content Scenario The administrator’s presentation, based on your briefing, was so well received by the board members that they asked to see a proposal for a hospital-based outpatient facility. In fact, the board suggested that the administrator ask you to take the lead in the project. Your administrator is

The CEO of a health care system has asked you, the system’s

The CEO of a health care system has asked you, the system’s strategic planner, to explain the factors they must consider when deciding the resources that should be devoted to a new facility project. List and describe the factors that determine the location, physical size, projected staffing, and effective décor

AMU HIMA 410 Hospital Data Modeling and Entity Relationship

A data model provides a view of how the data is structured throughout an organization. You’ve been provided with a set of data points from a local hospital. Instructions: Using the data points provided, create a model. Your data model should structure the data to support the business practices of

HIMA 360 AMU Encoder Selection for HIM Director Report

Case Scenario: Part 1: You are the HIM Director at Community General Hospital. As the director, you are in charge of purchasing an encoder for your 20 coders. You have identified the criteria that you will use to make the determination and put it in the grid below. Vendor 1

NUR 3846 BCC Deep Vein Thrombosis Questions

Using the video from Episode 2 on Samantha, answer the following prompts: Prompt 1: Explain in detail the pathogenesis of a DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) and how it can lead to a PE (Pulmonary Embolism). Prompt 2: Research and list all the possible treatment options for a DVT. Please correlate

MDC Key Elements of Psychiatric Assessment Discussion Reply

response to post: Discuss the Key elements of Psychiatric assessment and Interviewing of children. Assessing children and adolescents is challenging.  A psychiatric assessment can determine if a child is experiencing a disorder or if there are other factors that may be causing their difficulties. Establishing rapport is the first and

MDC Conducting Psychiatric Assessments Discussion Reply

Respond to Ste: Discuss the Key Elements of Psychiatric Assessment and Interviewing of Children When conducting psychiatric assessments and interviewing of children, there are several important elements to consider. According to Sharma et al. (2019), creating a rapport is crucial to building a relationship of trust with children while encouraging

MDC Assessing Childrens Mental Health Discussion Reply

post response Mari: Assessing children and adolescents is challenging. Generally, the child/adolescent in question would not have initiated the consultation or may not be in agreement with the need for a consultation. The consultation may or may not even be sought for the most impairing problem at hand. While children

MU African American Counselors in Training Project

Task summary: You are to do Exploring clinical supervision with African American counselors in Training editing Full description: please write Exploring clinical supervision with African American counselors in Training   You are a medical professor in charge of creating college assignments and answers for medical college students. You design and

Few people have not heard about the Food and Drug

Few people have not heard about the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The COVID pandemic has placed a renewed focus on its role in assuring safety of drug approval. It is not nearly as well known that the FDA is tasked with regulating multiple categories of products. One cannot work in healthcare

MHA 543 UP Health & Medical Generational Work Trait

Work traits vary considerably between various generations. Each individual has a unique manner for interacting with others and solving problems or addressing issues that arise. In this assignment, you will address work trait differences and how these differences might impact the organizational culture and succession planning.  Part I: Individual Work

Health & Medical Health Screening Tests Issues and Concerns

Describe what you already know about the module’s topics (if anything) With your limited understanding, how you would answer the module’s guiding question: “Do you think most people undergoing a screening test understand how to assess the benefits and risks of the test?” What other questions does the guiding question