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Description A summary of one of the course subjects must be created with mind map that demonstrates the connections between different concepts.

Description A summary of one of the course subjects must be created with mind map that demonstrates the connections between different concepts.

Description

A summary of one of the course subjects must be created with mind map that demonstrates the connections between different concepts.

Chapter 1
Definition and Significance of
Leadership
1-1
Learning Objectives

Define leadership and leadership effectiveness

Discuss the major obstacles to effective leadership

Compare and contrast leadership and management

List the roles and functions of leaders and managers

Explain the changes in organizations and how they affect
leaders

Summarize the debate over the role and impact of leadership in
organizations
1-2
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
The Leadership Question
Some leaders are focused on getting things
done while others put taking care of their
followers first. Some look at the big picture
and others hone in on the details. Is one
approach better than the other? Which one
do you prefer?
1-3
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Definition of Leadership
A leader is any person who influences individuals and groups within
an organization, helps them establish goals, and guides them
toward achievement of those goals, thereby allowing them to be
effective.
1-4
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Key Elements of Leadership

Group phenomenon

Interpersonal influence

Goal and action oriented

Assumes hierarchy in a group
1-5
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Effectiveness vs. Success
Effective leaders
Successful leaders
 Focus on the work
• Focus on politics and
networking
 Focus on
employees/followers
 Satisfied and
productive
employees
 Take care of
• Promoted quickly
• Network with
outsiders
• Take care of
supervisor
employees/followers
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
1-6
Key Elements of Effectiveness
1.
Goal achievement
2.
Smooth internal processes
3.
External adaptability
1-7
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Definition of Effectiveness
Leaders are effective when their followers achieve their goals, can
function well together, and can adapt to changing demands from
external forces.
1-8
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
The Leadership Question
Revisited
 Leadership involves the tasks, people,
big picture, details, etc.
 What works depends on the leader, the
followers, and the situation
 Many styles and approaches can work
 Understanding the situation is key
1-9
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Why Do We Need Leaders?

To keep groups orderly

To keep focus on group goals

To accomplish complex tasks

To help make sense of the world by providing validation

As a romantic ideal
1-10
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Why Leaders Matter

Leadership is one of many factors that affect the
performance of organizations

Leadership can indirectly impact other performance
factors

Leadership is essential in providing vision and direction

Identifying the situations in which leadership matters is
essential

The combination of leaders with followers and other
organizational factors

Makes an impact
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
1-11
Obstacles to Effective Leadership

Environmental uncertainty

Organizational rigidity

Falling back on old ideas and simplistic solutions

Established organizational culture

Inaccessible research
1-12
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Leadership and Management
Managers
Leaders
 Focus on the present
 Focus on the future
 Maintain the status quo
 Create change
 Implement policy
 Initiate policy
 Maintain existing
 Create new culture
culture and structure
 Remain aloof and
and structure
 Establish emotional
objective
bonds with followers
 Use position power
 Use personal power
1-13
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
‫بريك صالة المغرب ‪‬‬
Managerial Roles

Figurehead

Entrepreneur

Leader

Disturbance handler

Liaison

Resource allocator

Monitor

Negotiator

Disseminator

Spokesperson
1-15
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Gender Differences in Roles
Male managers
Female managers
 Unrelenting pace of work
 Calm steady pace of work
 Do a wide variety of tasks
 Frequent breaks
 Frequent interruptions
 Little time to communicate
 Did not perceive interruptions
 Schedule time for
communication
 Few nonwork activities
 Many nonwork activities
 Isolation
 Connected to others
 Identity tied to work
 Multifaceted identities
 Complex network
 Complex network
 Prefer face-to-face
 Prefer face-to-face
1-16
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Leader’s Role in Shaping Organizational
Culture
Leader
Vision and
mission
Role
modeling
Reward
system
Hiring
decisions
Strategy
and structure
Organizational
culture
1-17
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
New Roles for Leaders
Control-oriented leadership
Result-oriented leadership
Plan
Lead
Organize
Control
Plan
and
organize
Lead
Do
Control
Results
Do
Leader assumes responsibility
Results
Follower assumes responsibility
Follower assumes responsibility
1-18
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Factors Fueling Change
Increased
global and local
competition
Changes in organizations
and their leadership
1-19
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
Barriers to Change
 Perceived financial pressures
 Short-term orientation
 Top management still focused on one person
 Traditional organizations
 Employee input and creativity not fully
considered
 Focus on individual rather than group
performance
 Traditional management styles
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education
1-20
What Do You Do?
You have started on a new job, and based on the
interview and discussion with people prior to
accepting the job, you were led to believe that
the company strongly believes in employee
participation, engagement, and flexibility. After a
couple of months of working with your new boss,
however, all you see is command-and-control, with
little opportunity for you to provide any input.
1-21
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education

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