(SOLVED) Identify anddescribe three treatment strategies for the disorder.°°What challenges could arise in carrying out these strategies and providing care
Activity Time:°2 hours; Additional Time for Study, Research, and Reflection: 1 hour°Directions:°Initial post°Pick one hematological disorder covered in this module. For this disorder, identify anddescribe three treatment strategies for the disorder.°°What challenges could arise in carrying out these strategies and providing care to the
Expert solution paper
Haematological disorder: sickle cell anemia.
1) Treatment for a sickle cell crises with self-help
In most cases, you can handle a sickle cell crises at home.
The following items can assist:
use over-the-counter pain relievers such paracetamol or ibuprofen (aspirin should not be given to children under the age of 16 unless a doctor prescribes it) – If your pain is much more severe, your doctor may recommend stronger pain relievers.
drink plenty of water
Gently massage the injured body portion with a warm towel or even a wrapped hot pad – Heat pads are available in many pharmacies for this purpose.
Children, for example, could enjoy reading a narrative, watching a movie, or playing a favourite computer game as distractions from the pain.
2) Treatment options for sickle cell anaemia
Anaemia frequently has minimal symptoms and does not always necessitate therapy.
However, if your child does have a restricted diet, including a vegetarian - based diet, dietary supplements such folic acid, that helps increase the synthesis the red blood cells, might well be required to assist improve anaemia.
The anaemia produced from sickle cell disease isn't just about iron deficiency anaemia, which is more frequent.
Iron supplements should not be used to cure it without first consulting a doctor, as they can be harmful.
Treatment using blood transfusions and hydroxycarbamide may be required if anaemia is especially severe or persistent.
3)Transplants of stem cells or bone marrow
The only solution for sickle cell anemia is a stem cell as well as bone marrow transplant, however they're not performed very often due to the high risks.
Bone marrow, the spongy substance located at the center of several bones, produces stem cells, which are special cells. They have the ability to transform into a variety of blood cells.
The stem cell transplant involves injecting stem cells from the healthy donor into a vein via a drip.
To replace a sickle cells, these cells begin to create healthy red blood cells.
The stem cell transplant would be a lengthy procedure that entails a lot of dangers.
Graft versus host diseases is the most serious concern, which occurs when the transplanted cells begin to assault the body's other cells.
Stem cell transplants were usually explored only in paediatric patients who've had severe symptoms that haven't responded to prior therapies and when the long-term advantages of the transplant are judged to exceed the hazards.
Challenges and treatment:
Stem cell transplantation is the sole 'curative' treatment for SCD (in addition to blood & marrow transfusions), although the surgery is dangerous (toxicity/graft rejection), expensive, and generally limited due to a scarcity of appropriate donors. Iron excess, which necessitates iron-chelation therapy, is one of the potential side effects of regular blood transfusions.
Treated by cross matching , Hla typing and iron and folic acid adminstration.